Freedom of the press largely depends on the free flow of media information to citizens and the flow of information from citizens to the media. The protection of the source of information is necessary to establish trust between the “source” and the journalist in informing the public on matters of public interest. If you want to know more about this schedule an appointment at www.thebestdefence.ca.
The right to protect a source of information for journalists is recognized both in national legislation and in international law. Statistically, there are more than 100 countries in the world that have implemented and protected this right in their legislation and in 20 countries this right enjoys absolute protection.
Any person who provides information to a journalist is considered a “source”. Journalists may receive their information from all kinds of sources. When obtaining information from a protected source, the journalist should provide adequate protection and any other information that is likely to led to the identification of a source should be protected too.
Knowing the legally guaranteed rights of journalists would help in protecting the possible pressures.
The right to protect a source of information is initially guaranteed by the Constitution, which guarantees the right to protect a source of information in the mass media. With this the Constitution guarantees the right to journalists to protect their sources, thus allowing free exchange of information between the citizen and journalist. This is of particular importance, because without such protection, sources may be deterred from assisting the press in informing the public on matters of public interest.
With the Media Act lays down the basic principles and requirements to be met by the media in performing their activities. One of the questions that are processed in this law is the protection of the source of information. Under this law, the journalist has the right not to disclose the source of information or data that may reveal the source in accordance with international law and the Constitution. Besides journalists, this law also applies to other persons due to the professional relationship with the journalist familiar with the data that may reveal the source, through the collection, editorial shaping or expansion of information.
If a journalist intends to protect sources of information and to invoke this right before publishing the information on to inform the chief of the medium.
The refusal of the defendant to reveal secret sources of information cannot be taken as any admission of guilt or based the conclusion that it did not prove the truth of the facts or merits of belief in their truth.
Quite important to note is that in such procedures, which are run against the journalist, the court should take into account all available evidence that is available for this purpose and may not require disclosure of information identifying a journalistic source.